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Industries of Applications

Terpenes are extensively used in a number of industries and in products which we use in our daily lives. Since they are the purest form of natural compounds, and are biodegradable, there application to numerous industrial processes cannot be doubted. From food additives to insecticides, from cleaners to disinfectants, from adhesives to perfumes, terpenes have myriad of industrial applications. Some of the industries where terpene is used are:

  • Perfume and Fragrance Industry:  One can say that the perfume industry breaths on essential oils extracted from terpenes. Since, the perfumes and fragrance are solely dependent on essential oils; the presence of terpene in this industry cannot be ignored. Terpenes are primary constituents of ‘essential oils’ found in flowers and plants. These essential oils are used for variety of purposes in perfume and fragrance industry. The terpene variants are broadly used for expanding variety of aromas. In traditional and alternative medical treatments in form of aromatherapy, terepenes have a wide list of utility. Air fresheners and Camphor are also prepared with inclusion of numerous essential oils containing different types of terpenes.
  • Food and beverage industry: There won’t be any taste in food if there is no flavouring substance in it. There are many flavours categorized by the chemists and these flavours can be naturally or artificially prepared by using terpenes.  They are used as flavouring agents and additives. Numerous synthetic and natural flavouring substances require terpenes while preparation.  Since, the natural formation and purity is assured in terpene derived essential oils therefore, food industry recommends its usage. There are no harmful or side effects of terpene usage in food. They can be used for adding ‘essences’ like vanilla, strawberry, pineapple, rose, mango, orange, etc. The FDA has approved the use of terpene derivatives since it’s safe and natural.
  • Rubber Industry: No manufacturing process of rubber oriented products can be complete without the usage of terpenes. Specifically, Terpene Phenolic Resins are used in preparation of chloronorgutta rubber for PVC artificial leathers. The Terpene Phenolic Resin are dull colored, they have a high softening point and have excellent sticking ability. They are apt to be used as adhesives, ideal for coatings, inks, printing electronic circuit, plastic, and rubbers. They have good heat resistance, can increase the bond strength and also provide specific adhesion to metallic surfaces.
  • Plastics Industry: Terpene cleaners are widely used in plastics industry. They are the finest degreasers. Terpene cleaner dissolves wax, oils, grease, crayon and plastics, chewing gum.  It also remove smoke tracks from vehicles, cleans asphalt, etc. It has excellent penetrating ability to clean soils and therefore is widely used in numerous processes in plastics industry.
  • Paints Industry: Paint industry is highly dependent on terpene and its derivatives. Paint Varnish is one such product which is the part and parcel of paints industry. Paint thinners, Oil paint, oil paint colours do constitute terpenes.  Besides these major products, there are many chemical substances used in paints industry cannot be produced without the help of terpenes.
  • Electronic parts: Some terpene based products are used for electronic parts like printed circuit boards to support electrical industry. Use of terpene hydrocarbons and ketone blends are used for electrical contact cleaning. They have high dielectric strength and quick evaporation rate. The biodegradability makes this mixture ideal for cleaning electrical contacts in electrical utility industry.
  • Insecticides: Some derivatives of terpenes like Limonene are good insecticides. They are used in pest control and insect control operations and are added to agricultural chemicals and fertilizers. Instead of using strong chemicals which can be toxic for plants and crops, many agro chemists recommend using terpene based insecticides.
  • For clinical purpose: The terpenes are one of the best disinfectants and hence, they have good demand for clinical functions for disinfection of medical equipments. Pine oil has emulsifying properties and therefore is considered as a good disinfectant. Terpene alcohol is an antiseptic agent which is highly preferred by medical professionals.

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